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Preliminary rulings

According to Article 234 of the European Community Treaty, any court or tribunal of a Member State may submit a request for a preliminary ruling concerning the interpretation of European Community Law.


Electronic version of the texts of the Court of Justice concerning community trade marks
Case-law Date Key words
C-252/12 18/07/2013 Specsavers/‘Be a real spec saver at Asda', ‘Spec savings at ASDA' – Trade marks - Regulation (EC) No 207/2009 - Articles 9(1)(b) and c), 15(1) and 51(1)(a) - Grounds for revocation - Definition of ‘genuine use' - Reputation.
C-12/12 18/04/2013 SM JEANS/LEVI'S – Trade marks - Regulation (EC) No 40/94 - Article 15(1) - Definition of 'genuine use' - Trade mark used only as one element of a composite mark or in conjunction with another mark.
C-561/11 21/02/2013 FCI FEDERATION CYNOLOGIQUE INTERNATIONALE/ FEDERACIÓN CANINA INTERNACIONAL DE PERROS DE PURA RAZA - F.C.I. – Community trade marks - Regulation (EC) No 207/2009 - Article 9(1) - Concept of 'third party'- Proprietor of a later Community trade mark
C-149/11 19/11/2012 ONEL/OMEL – Community trade mark - Regulation (EC) No 207/2009 - Article 15(1) - 'Genuine use of the trade mark' - Territorial scope of use - Use of the Community trade mark in a single Member State - Whether sufficient.
C-307/10 19/06/2012 IP TRANSLATOR – Trade marks - Identification of the goods or services for which the protection of a trade mark is sought - Use of class headings of the Nice Classification for the purposes of the registration of trade marks.
C-190/10 22/03/2012 RIZO, RIZO, EL ERIZO/RIZO'S – Community trade mark - Definition and acquisition - Earlier trade mark - Procedure for filing - Filing by electronic means.
C-323/09 22/09/2011 Interflora/Marks & Spencer – Trade marks - Keyword advertising on the internet - Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 5(1)(a)(2) - Regulation (EC) No 40/94 - Article 9(1)(a)(c).
C-46/10 14/07/2011 Gas bottles (3D) – Trade marks - Directive 89/104/EEC - Articles 5 and 7 - Gas bottles protected as a three-dimensional mark - Business activity of a competitor of the licensee consisting in the refilling of those bottles.
C-324/09 12/07/2011 L'Oréal/eBay – Trade marks - Internet - Offer for sale, on an online marketplace targeted at consumers in the European Union, of trade-marked goods intended, by the proprietor, for sale in third States - Regulation (EC) No 40/94.
C-235/09 12/04/2011 WEB SHIPPPING/WEBSHIPPING – Intellectual property - Community trade mark - Regulation (EC) No 40/94 - Article 98(1) - Prohibition against infringement, issued by a Community trade mark court - Territorial scope.
C-569/08 03/06/2010 &R&E&I&F&E&N&, www.reifen.eu/Reifen – Internet - .eu Top Level Domain - Regulation (EC) No 874/2004 - Domain names - Phased registration - Special characters - Speculative and abusive registrations.
C-127/09 03/06/2010 Bottles of perfume known as 'testers' – Trade-mark law - Regulation (EC) No 40/94 - Article 13(1) - Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 7(1) - Exhaustion of the trade mark proprietor's rights - Consent of the proprietor.
C-236/08 to C-238/08 23/03/2010 Google adwords/Louis Vuitton, BDV, Eurochallenges – Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 5 - Regulation (EC) No 40/94 - Article 9 - Internet - Search engine - Keyword advertising - Liability of the search engine operator.
C-301/07 06/10/2009 Pago/Lattella (Representation of a glass bottle) – Trade marks - Regulation (EC) No 40/94 - Article 9(1)(c) - Trade mark with a reputation in the Community - Geographical extent of the reputation.
C-302/08 02/07/2009 Zino Davidoff/Bundesfinanzdirektion Südost – Trade marks - International registration - Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement - Regulation (EC) No 40/94 - Article 146 - Proprietor of a Community trade mark.
C-529/07 11/06/2009 Easter bunny (Lindt Goldhase) – Regulation (EC) No 40/94 - Article 51(1)(b) - Criteria relevant to determining whether an applicant is 'acting in bad faith' when filing an application for a Community trade mark.
C-62/08 19/02/2009 Smirnoff Ice – Second paragraph of Article 104(3) of the Rules of Procedure - Community trademark - Regulation (EC) No 40/94 - Article 9(1)(a) and (2)(d) - Concept of 'use'.
C-316/05 14/12/2006 Nokia – Community trade mark - Article 98(1) of Regulation (EC) No 40/94 - Obligation of a Community trade mark court to issue an order prohibiting a third party from proceeding with such acts.
C-405/03 18/10/2005 Aquafresh – Regulation (EC) N. 40/94 - Rights conferred by the trade mark - Use of the mark in the course of trade - Importation of original goods into the Community - Opposition of the trade mark proprietor.
Electronic version of the texts of the Court of Justice concerning community trade marks
Case-law Date Key words
C-661/11 19/09/2013 N, Nathan, Nathan Baume – Trade marks - Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 5 - Consent on the part of the proprietor of a trade mark to the use, by a third party, of a sign which is identical with that mark - Consent given in a situation where there is shared use.
C-657/11 11/07/2013 BEST/www. bestlasersorter.com – Directives 84/450/EEC and 2006/114/EC - Misleading and comparative advertising - Definition of 'advertising' - Registration and use of a domain name - Use of metatags in a website's metadata.
C-320/12 27/06/2013 Plastic bottle – Approximation of laws - Directive 2008/95/EC -Article 4(4)(g) - Conditions for obtaining and continuing to hold a trade mark - Refusal of registration or invalidation - Concept of 'bad faith' of the applicant.
C-553/11 25/10/2012 PROTI, PROTIPLUS, Proti Power/Protifit – Trade marks - Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 10(1) and (2)(a) - Use in a form, itself registered as a trade mark, differing in elements which do not alter the distinctive character of the mark.
C-376/11 19/07/2012 Lensworld, www.lensworld.eu – Internet - .eu Top Level Domain - Regulation (EC) No 874/2004 - Phased registration - Article 12(2) - Concept of 'licensees of prior rights'- No authorisation for other uses of the sign as a trade mark.
C-307/10 19/06/2012 IP TRANSLATOR – Trade marks - Identification of the goods or services for which the protection of a trade mark is sought - Use of class headings of the Nice Classification for the purposes of the registration of trade marks.
C-523/10 19/04/2012 Wintersteiger/"Wintersteiger", "Wintersteiger Accessories" – Regulation (EC) No 44/2001- Use, by an advertiser, of a keyword identical to a trade mark registered in another Member State.
C-190/10 22/03/2012 RIZO, RIZO, EL ERIZO/RIZO'S – Community trade mark - Definition and acquisition - Earlier trade mark - Procedure for filing - Filing by electronic means.
C-90/11 and C-91/11 15/03/2012 Multi Markets Fund MMF, NAI – Der Natur-Aktien-Index – Trade marks - Directive 2008/95/EC - Grounds for refusal or invalidity - Distinctive character - Descriptive character - Assessment criteria.
C-119/10 15/12/2011 BULLFIGHTER, PITTBULL, RED HORN, LONG HORN, LIVE WIRE/RED BULL – Trade marks - Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 5(1)(b) - Filling of cans already bearing a sign similar to a trade mark.
C-482/09 22/09/2011 Bud, Budweiser/Budweiser – Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 9(1) - Concept of acquiescence - Limitation in consequence of acquiescence - Starting point for limitation period - Article 4(1)(a) - Honest concurrent use.
C-323/09 22/09/2011 Interflora/Marks & Spencer – Trade marks - Keyword advertising on the internet - Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 5(1)(a)(2) - Regulation (EC) No 40/94 - Article 9(1)(a)(c).
C-400/09 and C-207/10 28/07/2011 Orifarm/Merck Sharp & Dohme – Trade marks - Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 7(2) - Pharmaceutical products - Parallel imports - Physical repackaging carried out by a separate undertaking.
C-4/10 and C-27/10 14/07/2011 COGNAC L & P HIENOA KONJAKKIA, KAHVI KONJAKKI Cafe Cognac – Regulation (EC) No 110/2008 - Geographical indications of spirit drinks - Temporal application - Direct applicability of a regulation.
C-46/10 14/07/2011 Gas bottles (3D) – Trade marks - Directive 89/104/EEC - Articles 5 and 7 - Gas bottles protected as a three-dimensional mark - Business activity of a competitor of the licensee consisting in the refilling of those bottles.
C-324/09 12/07/2011 L'Oréal/eBay – Trade marks - Internet - Offer for sale, on an online marketplace targeted at consumers in the European Union, of trade-marked goods intended, by the proprietor, for sale in third States - Directive 89/104/EEC.
C-120/08 22/12/2010 Bavaria/Genuine Bavarian Beer, Bayrisch Bier, Bayerisches Bier, Reinheitsgebot seit 1516 Bayrisches Bier – Regulations (EEC) No 2081/92 and (EC) No 510/2006 - Temporal application – Article 14.
C-449/09 28/10/2010 CANON – Trade Marks - Directive 89/104/EEC - The right of a proprietor of a trade mark to oppose after their first placing on the market in the EEA goods bearing that mark without his agreement.
C-558/08 08/07/2010 PORTAKABIN – Trade marks - Keyword advertising on the internet - Directive 89/104/EEC - Articles 5 to 7 - Display of advertisements on the basis of a keyword identical with a trade mark - Exhaustion of the rights conferred by the TM.
C-127/09 03/06/2010 Bottles of perfume known as 'testers' – Trade-mark law - Regulation (EC) No 40/94 - Article 13(1) - Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 7(1) - Exhaustion of the trade mark proprietor's rights - Consent of the proprietor.
C-91/09 26/03/2010 Eis.de/Bananabay - Trademarks - Internet - Keyword advertising - Entering keyword identical to a trademark produces advertisement for competitor of the proprietor of that trademark - Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 5(1)(a).
C-278/08 25/03/2010 BergSpechte/Trekking.at Reisen – Trade marks - Internet - Keyword advertising - Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 5(1).
C-236/08 to C-238/08 23/03/2010 Google/Louis Vuitton, BDV, Eurochallenges – Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 5 - Regulation (EC) No 40/94 - Article 9 - Internet - Search engine - Keyword advertising - Liability of the search engine operator.
C-324/08 15/10/2009 Diesel – Directive 89/104/EEC - Trade-mark law - Exhaustion of trade mark proprietor's rights - Placing of goods on the market in the European Economic Area by a third party - Implied consent - Conditions.
C-478/07 08/09/2009 Budweiser Budvar, Budweiser, Bud/American Bud – Protection in a Member State of a geographical indication of provenance of another Member State - Designation 'Bud' - Use of the mark 'American Bud' - Articles 28 EC and 30 EC.
C-385/07 P 16/07/2009 Der Grüne Punkt – System for the collection and recovery of used packaging in Germany - 'Der Grüne Punkt' logo - Fee payable under a trade mark agreement - Exclusive right of the proprietor of a trade mark.
C-343/07 02/07/2009 Bavaria/Bayrisch Bier, Bayerisches Bier – Assessment of validity - Admissibility - Regulations (EEC) No 2081/92 and (EC) No 1347/2001 - Generic name - Coexistence of a trade mark and a protected geographical indication.
C-487/07 18/06/2009 Trésor, Miracle, Anaïs-Anaïs, Noa Noa – Directive 89/104/EEC - Trade marks - Article 5(1) and (2) - Use in comparative advertising - Right to have such use prevented - Taking unfair advantage of the repute of a trade mark.
C-59/08 23/04/2009 Christian Dior – Directive 89/104/EEC - Trade-mark law - Exhaustion of the rights of the proprietor of the trade mark - Licence agreement - Sale of goods bearing the trade mark in disregard of a clause in the licence agreement.
C-39/08 and C-43/08 12/02/2009 Volks.Handy, Volks.Camcorder, Volks.Kredit , SCHWABENPOST – Art. 104, paragraph 3, first line of the Rules of Procedure - Directive 89/104/EC - Applications for registration of a trade mark - Case by case examination.
C-495/07 15/01/2009 WELLNESS - Directive 89/104/EEC - Revocation - Concept of 'genuine use' of a mark - Affixing the mark to promotional items - Distribution of such items free of charge to the purchasers of goods sold by the mark's proprietor.
C-276/05 22/12/2008 ZOVIRAX – Trade marks - Pharmaceutical products - Repackaging - Parallel imports - Substantial change in appearance of the packaging - Obligation of prior notice.
C-442/07 09/12/2008 Radetzky-Orden/Feldmarschall Radetzky - Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 12 - Revocation - Marks registered by a non-profit-making association - Concept of 'genuine use' of a trade mark - Charitable activities.
C-252/07 27/11/2008 intel/INTELMARK – Trade marks - Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 4(4)(a) - Use which takes or would take unfair advantage of, or is or would be detrimental to the distinctive character or the repute of the earlier trade mark.
C-533/06 12/06/2008 Bubbles – Trade marks - Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 5(1) - Exclusive rights of the trade mark proprietor - Use of a sign identical with, or similar to, a mark in a comparative advertisement - Limitation of the effects of a trade mark.
C-102/07 10/04/2008 Adidas/Marca Mode – Trade marks - Articles 5(1)(b), 5(2) and 6(1)(b) of Directive 89/104/EEC - Three-stripe figurative marks - Two-stripe motifs used by competitors as decoration - Complaint alleging infringement and dilution of the mark.
C-328/06 22/11/2007 FINCAS TARRAGONA/FINCAS TARRAGONA, FINQUES TARRAGONA – Trade marks - Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 4(2)(d) - 'Well-known' marks in a Member State within the meaning of Article 6 bis of the Paris Convention.
C-371/06 20/09/2007 Design of jeans G-Star/Benetton – Trade marks - Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 3(1)(e), third indent, and Article 3(3) - Sign - Shape which gives substantial value to goods - Use - Advertising campaigns.
C-17/06 11/09/2007 Céline/CÉLINE – Trade marks - Articles 5(1)(a) and 6(1)(a) of First Directive 89/104/EEC - Right of the proprietor of a registered trade mark to oppose the use by a third party of a sign which is identical to the mark.
C-246/05 14/06/2007 Le Chef DE CUISINE – Trade mark law - Article 10(1) of Directive 89/104/EEC - Absence of genuine use of a trade mark - Concept of 'date of the completion of the registration procedure'.
C-348/04 26/04/2007 Boehringer et al/Swingward and Dowelhurst – Industrial and commercial property - Trade mark rights - Pharmaceutical products - Parallel imports - Repackaging of the product bearing the trade mark.
C-239/05 15/02/2007 The Kitchen Company – Directive 89/104/EEC - Application for registration of a trade mark for a range of goods and services - Examination of the sign by the competent authority - Taking account of all the relevant facts and circumstances.
C-321/03 25/01/2007 Transparent bin – Trade marks - Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 2 - Concept of a sign of which a trade mark may consist - Transparent bin or collection chamber forming part of the external surface of a vacuum cleaner.
C-48/05 25/01/2007 Opel logo – Trade Marks - Article 5(1)(a) and (2), and Article 6(1)(b) of the First Directive 89/104/EEC - Right of a trade mark proprietor to prevent use by a third party of a sign identical or similar to the trade mark.
C-281/05 09/11/2006 DIESEL – Directive 89/104/EEC - Right of the proprietor of a trade mark to prohibit the transit of goods bearing an identical sign through the territory of a Member State in which the mark enjoys protection.
C-108/05 07/09/2006 EUROPOLIS – Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 3(3) - Distinctive character - Acquisition through use - Taking into account all or a substantial part of the Benelux territory.
T-279/03 10/05/2006 Galileo/Galileo – Community project on the global satellite radio navigation system (Galileo) - Damage claimed by the proprietors of a number of trade marks and company names containing the word "Galileo".
C-145/05 27/04/2006 Seagull/Overstitching – Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 5(1)(b) - Relevant time for assessing likelihood of confusion between a trade mark and a similar sign.
C-259/04 30/03/2006 Elizabeth Emanuel/ELIZABETH EMANUEL – Directive 89/104/EEC - Trade marks of such a nature as to deceive the public or liable to mislead the public as to the nature, quality or geographical origin of a product.
C-421/04 09/03/2006 Matratzen/MATRATZEN – Directive 89/104/EEC - Grounds for refusal to register - National word mark registered in a Member State - Trade mark consisting of a term borrowed from the language of another Member State.
C-59/05 23/02/2006 6ES5/VIPA – Directives 84/450/CEE and 97/55/CE - Comparative advertising - Taking unfair advantage of the reputation of a distinguishing mark of a competitor.
C-405/03 18/10/2005 Aquafresh – Regulation (EC) N. 40/94 - Rights conferred by the trade mark - Use of the mark in the course of trade - Importation of original goods into the Community - Opposition of the trade mark proprietor.
C-120/04 06/10/2005 LIFE/THOMSON LIFE – Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 5(1)(b) -Likelihood of confusion - Use of the trade mark by a third party - Composite sign including the name of another party followed by the trade mark.
C-418/02 07/07/2005 Praktiker – Trade marks in respect of services - Services provided in connection with retail trade - Specification of content of services - Similarity between the services in question and goods or other services.
C-353/03 07/07/2005 HAVE A BREAK – Absence of distinctive character - Distinctive character acquired through use - Use as part of or in conjunction with a registered trade mark.
C-228/03 17/03/2005 Gillette and Sensor - Article 6(1)(c) - Limitations on the protection conferred by the trade mark - Use by a third party where it is necessary to indicate the intended purpose of a product or service.
C-16/03 30/11/2004 Peak Performance - Exhaustion of the rights conferred by a trade mark - Putting on the market of the goods in the EEA by the proprietor of the trade mark - Goods offered for sale to consumers and then withdrawn.
C-245/02 16/11/2004 Budweiser, Bud/ Budweiser Budvar, Budweis, Bud - TRIPs Agreeement - Scope of the proprietor's exclusive right to the trade mark - Alleged use of the sign as a trade name.
C-404/02 16/09/2004 Nichols - Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 3(1)(b) - Trade mark comprising a common surname - Distinctive character - Impact of Article 6(1)(a) on assessment.
C-49/02 24/06/2004 Colours blue and yellow - Directive 89/104/EEC - Signs capable of constituting a trade mark - Combinations of colours - Colours blue and yellow for certain products used in the building trade.
C-371/02 29/04/2004 Bostongurka - Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 12(2)(a) - Revocation of rights conferred by the trade mark - Trade mark which has become the common name in the trade.
C-218/01 12/02/2004 Elongated bottle - Grounds for refusal to register - Three-dimensional trade mark composed of the product's packaging - Distinctive character.
C-265/00 12/02/2004 BIOMILD - Ground for refusal to register - Neologism composed of elements each of which is descriptive of characteristics of the goods and services concerned.
C-363/99 12/02/2004 Postkantoor - Grounds for refusal to register - Prohibition on registering a mark in respect of certain goods or services if they do not possess a particular characteristic .
C-259/02 27/01/2004 La Mer/Laboratoire de la mer - Article 104(3) of the Rules of Procedure - Directive 89/104/EEC - Articles 10(1) and 12 (1) - Revocation of a trade mark - Notion of genuine use of a trade mark.
C-60/02 07/01/2004 Rolex, Hilfinger, Lacoste, Cucci and The GAP - Counterfeit and pirated goods - No criminal penalty for the transit of counterfeit goods - Compatibility with Regulation (EC) N, 3295/94
C-100/02 07/01/2004 Gerry/Kerry - Use of a geographical indication as a trade mark as an element of use in accordance with honest practices in industrial or commercial matters.
C-283/01 27/11/2003 Shield Mark BV/Joost Kist - Signs of which a trade mark may consist - Signs capable of being represented graphically - Sound signs - Musical notation - Written description - Onomatopeia
C-408/01 23/10/2003 Adidas/Fitnessworld - Trade marks with a reputation - Protection against use of a sign in relation to identical or similar goods or services - Sign viewed as an embellishment
C-104/01 06/05/2003 Libertel/BBM - Trade marks - Approximation of laws - Directive 89/104/EEC - Signs capable of constituting a trade mark - Distinctive character - Colour per se - Orange
T-195/00 10/04/2003 Official Euro Symbol - Non-contractual liability - Directive 89/104/EEC Trade marks
C-53/01 C-54/01 C-55/01 08/04/2003 Linde, Winward, Rado/DPMA - Trade marks - Three-dimensional shape of goods trade mark - Distinctive character - Preserving the availability of certain signs in the public interest
C-244/00 08/04/2003 Van Doren/Lifestyle (Stüssy) - Trade marks - Exhaustion of rights conferred by the mark - Place where the goods are first placed on the market by the trade mark proprietor or with his consent.
C-291/00 20/03/2003 Arthur/Arthur et Félicie - Trade marks - Notion of sign which is identical with the trade mark - Use of the distinctive element of the mark to the exclusion of other elements.
C-40/01 11/03/2003 Ansul/Ajax - Trade marks - Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 12(1) - Revocation of trade mark owner's rights - Concept of genuine use of a trade mark.
C-292/00 09/01/2003 Davidoff/Durffee - Directive 89/104/EEC - Articles 4(4)(a) and 5(2) - Trade marks with reputation - Protection against use of a sign in respect of identical or similar products or services.
C-273/00 12/12/2002 Sieckmann/DPMA - Trade marks - Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 2 - Signs of which a trade mark may consist - Signs capable of being represented graphically - Olfactory signs
C-23/01 21/11/2002 Robelco/Robeco - Provisions on protection against use of a sign other than for the purposes of distinguishing goods and services - Extent of such protection - Signs similar to the mark
C-206/01 12/11/2002 Arsenal - Approximation of laws - Trade marks - Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 5(1)(a) - Scope of the proprietor's exclusive right to the trade mark.
C-299/99 18/06/2002 Philips - Trade marks - Directive 89/104/EEC - Articles 3(1) and (3), 5(1) and 6(1)(b) - Signs capable of being trade marks - Signs consisting exclusively of the shape of the product
C-2/00 14/05/2002 Hölterhoff/Freiesleben - Trade marks - Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 5(1) - Scope of the proprietor's exclusive right to the trade mark - Use of the trade mark for descriptive purposes.
C-443/99 23/04/2002 Merck,Sharp/Paranova - Trade marks - Directive 89/104/EEC -Article 7 (2) - Exhaustion of rights conferred by the trade mark - Pharmaceutical products - Parallel importation
C-143/00 23/04/2002 Boehringer/Dowelhurst Ltd - Trade marks - Directive 89/104/EEC -Article 7 (2) - Exhaustion of rights conferred by the trade mark - Pharmaceutical products.
C-414/99 C-415/99 C-416/99 20/11/2001 Davidoff (Cool Water), Levy Strauss (Levis) - Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 7(1) - Exhaustion of the rights conferred by a trade mark - Consent of the trade mak proprietor
T-151/01 R 15/11/2001 Der Grüne Punkt - Interlocutory proceedings - Abuse of dominant position - Article 82 EC - Trade mark law - Prima facie case - Urgency - Balance of interests.
C-517/99 04/10/2001 Bravo - Trade marks - Article 3(1)(d) of Trade Mark Directive - Grounds for refusal or invalidity
C-89/99 13/09/2001 Schieving-Nijstad/Groeneveld - Agreement establishing the World Trade Organisation - Article 50(6) of the TRIP's Agreement - Interpretation - Direct effect.
C-300/98 C-392/98 14/12/2000 Parfums Christian Dior - Agreement establishing the WTO - Article 177 of the EC Treaty - Jurisdiction of the Court of Justice - Article 50 of the TRIP's Agreement
T-268/99 11/07/2000 "Bio" trade marks - Action for annulment - Concil Regulation (EC) N. 1804/1999 - Temporary derogation in favour of existing trade marks - Inadmissibility.
C-425/98 22/06/2000 Marca Mode - Article 5(1)(b) of Trade Mark Directive - Likelihood of confusion - Likelihood of association between the sign and the trade mark
C-223/98 14/10/1999 Adidas - Regulation (EC) N. 3295/94 - Prohibition of release for free circulation, export, re-export, or entry for a suspensive procedure of counterfeit and pirated goods
C-379/97 12/10/1999 Upjohn/Paranova - EEC Treaty, Arts. 30 and 36 - Article 7 of Trade Mark Directive - Pharmaceutical products 'Dalacin' - Parallel imports - Replacement of a trade mark.
C-375/97 14/09/1999 Chevy - Directive 89/104/EEC, Art. 5(2) - Protection - Non-similar products or services - Trade mark having a reputation
C-173/98 01/07/1999 Sebago - Article 7(1) of Trade Mark Directive - Exhaustion of a trade mark proprietor's rights - Proprietor's consent.
C-342/97 22/06/1999 Lloyd - Article 5(1)(b) of Trade Mark Directive - Likelihood of confusion - Aural similarity.
C-255/97 11/05/1999 Pfeiffer - Industrial and commercial property - Trade name - Risk of confusion - EEC Treaty, Arts. 30 and 52
C-108/97 C-109/97 04/05/1999 Chiemsee - Directive 89/104/EEC - Approximation of laws relating to trade marks - Geographical indications of origin
C-63/97 23/02/1999 BMW - Trade Mark Directive - Unauthorised use of the BMW trade mark in advertisements for a garage business.
C-39/97 29/09/1998 Canon - Article 4 of Trade Mark Directive - Likelihood of confusion - Similarity of goods.
C-355/96 16/07/1998 Silhouette - Directive 89/104/EEC - Approximation of laws relating to trade marks - Exhaustion of trade mark - Goods put on the market in the Community or in a non-member country.
C-53/96 16/06/1998 Hermès - Agreement establishing the WTO - Article 177 of the EC Treaty - Jurisdiction of the Court of Justice - Article 50 of the TRIPS Agreement - Provisional measures.
C-251/95 11/11/1997 Sabel/Puma - Directive 89/104/EEC - Approximation of laws relating to trade marks - Likelihood of confusion includes the likelihood of association.
C-349/95 11/11/1997 Ballantine - Trade mark rights - Relabelling of whisky bottles - EEC Treaty, Art. 36
C-337/95 04/11/1997 Dior - Trade mark rights and copyright - Perfume - Action brought by the owner of those rights to stop a reseller advertising the further commercialization of goods - Perfume.
C-352/95 20/03/1997 Phytheron - Free movement of goods - Plant health product - Parallel import - Exhaustion - EEC Treaty, Arts. 30 and 36 - Trade Mark Directive.
C-313/94 26/11/1996 Graffione (Cotonelle) - Free movement of goods - Prohibition of importation of a product bearing the same trade mark - EEC Treaty, Art. 30 and Trade Mark Directive.
C-427/93 C-429/93 C-436/93 11/07/1996 Boehringer/Paranova - Directive 89/104/EEC to approximate the laws of the Member States relating to trade marks - Repackaging of pharmaceutical products - EEC Treaty, Art. 36.
C-71/94 C-72/94 C-73/94 11/07/1996 Eurim-Pharm - Free movement of goods - Repackaging of trade-marked products - Pharmaceuticals - Opposition by the trade mark owner - - EEC Treaty, Art. 36.
C-232/94 11/07/1996 Pharma - Free movement of goods - Repackaging of trade-marked products - Pharmaceuticals - EEC Treaty, Art. 36.
C-9/93 22/06/1994 Ideal-Standard - Free movement of goods - Splitting of a trade mark as a result of a voluntary assignment - Risk of confusion - EEC Treaty, Arts. 30 and 36.
C-317/91 30/11/1993 Audi (Quattro) - Free movement of goods - Trade mark rights - Designation leading to confusion - EEC Treaty, Arts. 30 and 36.
C-238/89 13/12/1990 Pall/Dahlhausen - Free movement of goods - Trade mark law - Misleading advertising - EEC Treaty, Art. 30.
C-10/89 17/10/1990 HAG II - Free movement of goods - Trade mark rights - EEC Treaty, Arts. 30 and 36.
266/87 267/87 18/05/1989 Royal Pharmaceutical Society of GB - Pharmaceutical products - Parallel imports - Measures having equivalent effect - Protection of public health - Trade-mark law.
1/81 03/12/1981 Pfizer/Eurim-Pharm - Free movement of goods - Repackaging - Trade mark rights - Protection - Limits - Pharmaceutical product 'Vibramycin' - EEC Treaty, Art. 36.
3/78 10/10/1978 Centrafarm - Free movement of goods - Trade mark rights - Medicinal products - 'Serenid' - 'Seresta' - EEC Treaty, Art. 36.
102/77 23/05/1978 Hoffmann-Laroche - Free movement of goods - Repackaging of trade-marked goods - Pharmaceutical product 'Valium' - EEC Treaty, Arts. 36 and 86.
16/74 31/10/1974 Centrafarm - Free movement of goods - Trade mark relating to a pharmaceutical product - EEC Treaty, Art. 36.
Electronic version of the texts of the Court of Justice concerning concerning community designs
Case-law Date Key words
C-488/10 16/02/2012 Road markers – Regulation (EC) No 6/2002 - Article 19(1) - Community designs - Infringement or threatened infringement - Definition of 'third parties'.
C-32/08 02/07/2009 Cuckoo clocks "Santamaría"/"TIMELESS" – Regulation (EC) No 6/2002 - Community designs - Articles 14 and 88 - Proprietor of the right to the Community design - Unregistered design.
Electronic version of the texts of the Court of Justice concerning designs
Case-law Date Key words
C-168/09 27/01/2011 "Arco" lamp/"Fluida" lamp – Industrial and commercial property - Directive 98/71/EC - Legal protection of designs - Article 17 - Obligation concerning the cumulation of design protection with copyright protection.
C-23/99 26/09/2000 Commission/French Republic – Free movement of goods - Procedures for detention under customs control - Goods in transit - Industrial property right - Spare parts for the repair of motor vehicles.
C-38/98 11/05/2000 Renault/Maxicar - Brussels Convention - Enforcement of judgments - Intellectual property relating to vehicle body parts
238/87 05/10/1988 Volvo/Erik Veng – Abuse of a dominant position - Refusal by the proprietor for a registered design to grant a licence.
53/87 05/10/1988 Maxicar/Renault – Exercise of design rights for car bodywork components - Compatibility with Articles 30 to 36 and 86 of the Treaty.
144/81 14/09/1982 Keurkoop/Nancy Kean Gifts – Protection of industrial and commercial property - Designs - Free movement of similar products.
Electronic version of the texts of the Court of Justice concerning free movement of goods
Case-law Date Key words
C-446/09 and C-495/09 01/12/2011 Philips, Nokia – Common commercial policy - Combating the entry into the European Union of counterfeit and pirated goods - Regulations (EC) No 3295/94 and No 1383/2003 - Action by the authorities of the Member States - Conditions.
C-93/08 12/02/2009 NOKIA – Regulation (EC) No 1383/2003 - Article 11 - Simplified procedure of abandoning goods for destruction - Prior determination whether an intellectual property right has been infringed - Administrative penalty
C-319/05 15/11/2007 Commission/Federal Republic of Germany – Directive 2001/83/EC - Garlic preparation in capsule form - Preparation classified as a medicinal product in the Member State of importation - Definition of 'medicinal product' - Public health.
C-115/02 23/10/2003 Administration des douanes et droits indirects/Rioglass – Measures having equivalent effect - Procedures for detention under customs control - Goods in transit intended for the market of a non-member country - Spare parts for motor cars.
C-14/00 16/01/2003 Commission/Italian Republic – Products lawfully manufactured and marketed in the Member State of production under the sales name "chocolate" - Requirement to use the name "chocolate substitute".
C-99/99 14/12/2000 Italian Republic/Commission - Action for annulment - Regulation (EC) N. 2815/98 - Marketing standards for olive oil
C-448/98 05/12/2000 JP Guimont - Measures having equivalent effect to a quantitive restriction - Manufacture and marketing of Emmental cheese without rind.
C-383/98 06/04/2000 Polo/Lauren - Regulation (EC) N. 3295/94 - Prohibition of the release for free circulation, export, re-export, or entry for a suspensive procedure of counterfeit and pirated goods
C-220/98 13/01/2000 Estée Lauder/Lancaster - Marketing of a cosmetic product whose name includes the term 'lifting' - EEC Treaty, Arts. 30 and 36 - Directive 76/768/EEC
C-210/96 16/07/1998 Gut Springenheide - Regulation (EEC) N. 1907/90 - Marketing standards for eggs - Promotional descriptions or statements liable to mislead the purchaser - Reference consumer
C-315/92 02/02/1994 Clinique - Name of a cosmetic product liable to mislead consumers
C-267/91 C-268/91 24/11/1993 Keck-Mithouard - Prohibition of resale at a loss
286/86 22/09/1988 Ministère public/G. Deserbais - National legislation protecting the trade name for a type of cheese
Electronic version of the texts of the Court of Justice concerning geographical indications and designations of origin
Case-law Date Key words
T-194/10 08/11/2012 Vinohradnícka oblast' Tokaj – Action for annulment - Regulation (EC) N. 1234/2007 - Regulation (EC) N.607/2009 - 'E-Bacchus register' - Registration of the Slovak protected designation of origin 'Vinohradnícka oblasť Tokaj'.
C-4/10 and C-27/10 14/07/2011 COGNAC L & P HIENOA KONJAKKIA, KAHVI KONJAKKI Cafe Cognac – Regulation (EC) No 110/2008 - Geographical indications of spirit drinks - Temporal application - Trade mark incorporating a geographical indication.
C-120/08 22/12/2010 Bavaria/Genuine Bavarian Beer, Bayrisch Bier, Bayerisches Bier, Reinheitsgebot seit 1516 Bayrisches Bier – Regulations (EEC) No 2081/92 and (EC) No 510/2006 - Temporal application - Article 14.
C-446/07 10/09/2009 "Salame tipo Felino"/"Salame Felino" – Labelling likely to mislead the purchaser as to the origin or provenance of the foodstuff - Generic names within the meaning of Article 3 of Regulation (EEC) No 2081/92 - Effect.
C-478/07 08/09/2009 Budweiser Budvar, Budweiser, Bud/American Bud – Protection in a Member State of a geographical indication of provenance of another Member State - Designation 'Bud' - Use of the mark 'American Bud' - Articles 28 EC and 30 EC.
C-343/07 02/07/2009 Bavaria/Bayrisch Bier, Bayerisches Bier – Assessment of validity - Admissibility - Regulations (EEC) No 2081/92 and (EC) No 1347/2001 - Validity - Coexistence of a trade mark and a protected geographical indication.
C-23/07
C-24/07
12/06/2008 Tocai friulano, Tocai italico – Regulation (EC) Nos 1493/1999, 753/2002 and 1429/2004 - Common organisation of the market in wine - Labelling of wines - Use of the list of vine varieties and their synonyms.
C-132/05 26/02/2008 Parmigiano Reggiano – Regulation (EEC) No 2081/92 - 'Parmigiano Reggiano' cheese - Use of the name 'Parmesan' - Obligation on a Member State to proceed on its own initiative against the abuse of a protected designation of origin.
T-35/06 11/09/2007 Honig aus der Provence/Miel de Provence – Action for annulment - Regulation (EC) No 1854/2005 - Protected geographical indication - Measure of general application - Lack of individual concern - Inadmissibility.
T-417/04 12/03/2007 Tocai friulano, Tocai italico – Regulation (EC) No 1429/2004 - Common organisation of the market in wine - Set of rules governing the use of the list of vine varieties and their synonyms.
C-465/02 C-466/02 20/10/2005 Feta - Geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products and foodstuffs - The name "feta" -Regulation (EC) N. 1829/2002 - Validity
C-347/03 12/05/2005 Tocai friulano, Tocai italico – Protection in the Community of a name relating to certain wines originating in Hungary - Quality wines produced in specified regions ("quality wines psr")
C-216/01 18/11/2003 Budweiser, Budweiser Budvar, Bud/ American Bud - Bilateral convention between a Member State and a non-member country protecting indication of geographical source from that non-member country.
C-108/01 20/05/2003 Prosciutto di Parma - Protected designations of origin - Regulation (EEC) N. 2081/92 - Requirement for ham to be sliced and packaged in the region of production
C-469/00 20/05/2003 Grana Padano - Protected designations of origin - Regulation (EEC) N. 2081/92 - Condition that the cheese is grated and packaged in the region of production
C-66/00 25/06/2002 Parmigiano Reggiano - Regulation (EEC) N. 2081/92 - Protection of geographical indications and designations of origin of agricultural products and foodstuffs
C-151/01P 30/01/2002 Canard à foie gras du Sud-Ouest - Community protection of geographical indications - Regulation (EC) N. 1338/2000
C-269/99 06/12/2001 Spreewälder Gurken - Agricultural products and foodstuffs - Geographical indications and designations of origin - Simplified registration procedure
T-215/00 30/01/2001 Canard à foie gras du Sud-Ouest - Action for annulment - Regulation (EC) N. 1338/2000 - Registration of a protected geographical indication - Measure of general application
C-312/98 07/11/2000 Warsteiner - Protection of geographical indications and designations of origin - Regulation (EEC) N. 2081/92 - Scope - Directive 79/112/EEC
C-447/98P 26/10/2000 Altenbuger Ziegenkäse - Community protection of designations of origin - Commission Regulation registering the designation "Altenburger Ziegenkäse"
C-338/95 16/05/2000 Belgium/Spain - Quality wines produced in a specified region - Designations of origin - Obligation to bottle in the region of production - Regulation (EEC) N. 823/87
T-114/99 09/11/1999 Pays d'Auge - Action for annulment - Regulation (EC) N. 378/1999 - Registration of a designation of origin - "Pays d'Auge/Pays d'Auge-Cambremer" - Inadmissible
T-78/98 29/04/1999 Tuscan - Action for annulment - Regulation (EC) N. 644/98 - Registration of a geographical indication - "Tuscan" olive oil - Interest in bringing proceedings - Inadmissible
T-114/96 26/03/1999 Jijona/Alicante - Regulation (EC) N. 1107/96 - Registration of geographical indications - "Turrón de Jijona" and "Turrón de Alicante" - Locus Standi - Inadmissible
C-289/96 C-293/96 C-299/96 16/03/1999 FETA - Council Regulation (EEC) N. 2081/92 - Commission Regulation (EC) N. 1107/96 - Registration of geographical indications and designations of origin
C-87/97 04/03/1999 Gorgonzola/Cambozola - EEC Treaty, Arts. 30 and 36 - Reg. (EEC) N. 2081/92 on the protection of geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural prod. and foodstuffs
T-109/97 15/09/1998 Altenburger Ziegenkäse - Registration by a Commission regulation of a designation for a geographical area considered by the applicants to be too large
C-129/97 C-130/97 09/06/1998 Epoisses - Regulation (EEC) n. 2081/92 - Exclusive competence of the Commission - Scope of the protection of names comprising several terms
C-321/94 C-322/94 C-323/94 C-324/94 07/05/1997 Mountain - Regulation (EEC) n. 2081/92 - Domestic legislation on the use of the description "mountain" for agricultural products and foodstuffs
C-3/91 10/11/1992 Jijona/Alicante - Franco-Spanish Convention on the protection of indications of provenance and designations of origin - Compatibility with the rules on the free movement of goods
C-47/90 09/06/1992 Rioja - Exportation of wine in bulk - Prohibition - Wine of designated origin - Articles 34 and 36 of the Treaty
207/83 25/04/1985 Commission/United Kingdom - Measures having equivalent effect - Indications of origin - Quantitative restrictions - Prohibited
12/74 20/02/1975 Sekt, Weinbrand, Prädikatssekt - Indirect appellation of origin - Quantitative restrictions on imports - Definition in relation to unprotected appellations
Page last updated 11-04-2014