Go to home page
OHIM
Protect your trade marks and designs in the European Union

Protect your intellectual property in the European Union

Menu

Current trade mark practice

On this page you will find OHIM's current trade mark practice reflected in a series of guidelines that are intended to help both our users and our staff in charge of the various procedures.

The OHIM Guidelines are the main point of reference for users of the Community trade mark system and professional advisers who want to make sure they have the latest information on our examination practices.

They have been drawn up to reflect our Office practice in the most frequent scenarios. They contain general instructions, which have to be adapted to the particularities of a case. They are not legislative texts and, therefore, they are not binding.

The table below presents the set of Guidelines adopted by the President on 08 July 2015 (Decision No EX-15-2), as well as the set adopted on 04 December 2014 (Decision No EX-14-1) which entered into force on 1 February 2015.

All these texts can be accessed in the five working languages of the Office (English, French, German, Spanish and Italian) through clean versions or through track-changed versions where all changes since last year appear in red font so our users can easily see what has been updated.

Additionally, some documents have been modified since the adoption of the decisions because a change of practice entered into force. They can be found under the column ‘Most recent changes'.

The Office issues a revision of the Guidelines on a yearly basis..

The versions with recent changes and the sets of guidelines with the date of entry into force in 2015 are only available in English, French, German, Italian and Spanish. The sets of Guidelines that entered into force in 2014 are available in 23 languages.

 

Sections Most recent changes Date entry into force Track-changed version (compared with version that entered into force in 2014)

Editor's note and general introduction

  01.02.2015 PDF
Part A: General rules     PDF

Section 1: Means of communication, time limits

  01.08.2015  

Section 2: General principles to be respected in the proceedings

  01.08.2015 PDF

Section 3: Payment of fees, costs and charges

  01.02.2015 PDF

Section 4: Language of proceedings

  01.08.2015 PDF

Section 5: Professional representation

  01.02.2015 PDF

Section 6: Revocation of decisions and cancellation of entries in the register and correction of errors

  01.08.2015 PDF

Section 7: Revision

  01.08.2015 PDF

Section 8: Restitutio in integrum

  01.08.2015 PDF

Section 9: Enlargement

  01.08.2015 PDF
Part B: Examination      

Section 1: Proceedings

  01.08.2015 PDF

Section 2: Examination of formalities

PDF 06.07.2015 PDF

Section 3: Classification

  01.08.2015 PDF

Section 4: Absolute grounds for refusal and community collective marks

     

Absolute grounds for refusal Article 7 (1) a till 7 (1) (e), Acquired distinctiveness

  01.02.2015 PDF

Absolute grounds for refusal Article 7 (1)f till 7(1)k, Collective marks

  01.08.2015 PDF
Part C: Opposition      

Section 0: Introduction

  01.02.2015 PDF

Section 1: Procedural matters

  01.02.2015 PDF

Section 2: Identity and likelihood of confusion

     

Chapter 1: General principles and methodology

  01.02.2015 PDF

Chapter 2: Comparison of goods and services

  01.02.2015 PDF

Chapter 3: Comparison of signs

  01.02.2015 PDF

Chapter 4: Distinctiveness

  01.02.2015 PDF

Chapter 5: Dominant character

  01.02.2015 PDF

Chapter 6: Relevant public and degree of attention

  01.02.2015 PDF

Chapter 7: Other factors

  01.02.2015 PDF

Chapter 8: Global assessment

  01.02.2015 PDF

Section 3: Unauthorised filing by agents of the TM proprietor (Article 8(3) CTMR)

  01.08.2015 PDF

Section 4: Rights under Article 8(4)CTMR

PDF 01.08.2015 PDF

Section 5: Trade marks with reputation (Article 8(5) CTMR)

  01.08.2015 PDF

Section 6: Proof of use

  01.02.2015 PDF
Part D: Cancellation      

Section 1: Cancellation proceedings

  01.02.2015 PDF

Section 2: Substantive provisions

  01.08.2015 PDF
Part E: Register Operations      

Section 1: Changes in a registration

  01.08.2015 PDF

Section 2: Conversion

  01.02.2015 PDF

Section 3: CTMs as objects of property

     

Chapter 1: Transfer

  01.08.2015 PDF

Chapter 2: Licences

  01.08.2015 PDF

Chapter 3: Rights in rem

  01.08.2015 PDF

Chapter 4: Levy of execution

  01.08.2015 PDF

Chapter 5: Insolvency proceedings or similar proceedings

  01.08.2015 PDF

Section 4: Renewal

  01.02.2015 PDF

Section 5: Inspection of files

PDF 06.07.2015 PDF

Section 6: Other entries in the register

     

Chapter 1: Counterclaims

  01.02.2015 PDF
Part M: International marks   01.08.2015 PDF
Page last updated 20-07-2015