Judgments of the CTM Courts
The Member States have designated certain national courts and tribunals of first and second instance as their "Community trade mark courts".
The Community trade mark courts have exclusive jurisdiction:
Judgments of CTM courts
- for all infringement actions and - if they are permitted under national law - actions in respect of threatened infringements relating to Community trade marks;
- for actions for declaration of non-infringement, if they are permitted under national law;
- for all actions brought as a result of acts referred to in Article 9 (3) CTMR;
- for counterclaims for revocation or for a declaration of invalidity of a Community trade mark pursuant to Article 96 CTMR.